Nikoletta Petra Nándori

The history of a city police station in the era of the dualism

The history of a city police station in the era of the dualism


The study briefly describes the history of the establishment of a city police station. The city of Nitra, located in the territory of former Hungary, now belongs to Slovakia. Time-oriented at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century, i.e. at the age of dualism. The Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 included the restoration of constitutionality as a fundamental thesis. At the same time, it transformed the Habsburg Empire into a civil constitutional monarchy, where the exercise of state power was predominantly used by the parliament and the responsible government. By virtue of Austria’s and Hungary's wide-ranging state independence, the Monarchy was truly dualistic. However, this has consistently been limited to the internal affairs of the two countries. Considering the authorities of both rulers, both states set limits in the domestic affairs. In the key issues of state sovereignty, such as foreign affairs, military affairs and related finances, the empire became practically centred. The resolution of internal affairs thus became a central issue, which included that the operation of police stations was subject to uniform state control and supervision. The system architecture brought with it a different operation to the previous one. The versatility of the responsibilities, the immature structure of the training and the state supervision have all put the captain into a difficult situation. A statement of the captain you can read in this article, too. The study presents two cases that occurred during this period and received press coverage. All this was collected from columns in newspapers of that period. As I had no other sources to verify truth content, I do not think possible to draw wide-ranging conclusions from these stories. However, the stories, as discussed above, raise a number of issues that need attention. Especially those with emphasis on training and on morality of everyday work.


police, history, education, instruction, morality